A Historical View of the Battle of Three Emperors
At the beginning of December 1805, the allied Austrian-Russian armies
and the army of the French Emperor, Napoleon I
, fought against one another. Napoleon’s most famous victory was preceded by an excellent campaign when he forced the Austrian army in Bavaria to surrender and pushed what was left of it, together with the Russian regiments, across the entire lower Austria all the way to Moravia
. The Austrians and Russians believed in themselves because there were more of them, and they were fighting in their own areas. All the military forces were used during the battle: cannons, cavalry and infantry. But in the end, Napoleon closed in upon
the Austrian-Russian units, which were forced to surrender
. Only a small part managed to escape through the weirs of frozen ponds. The allied armies were not able to fight any more and they retreated towards South Moravia, into today’s Slovakia and Hungary. On the sixth of December, a truce was signed at the Austerlitz chateau
, followed with the Peace of Pressburg that resulted in considerable loss of land for Austria. The Battle of Austerlitz
became an important event in the history and even Napoleon vit above all his other battles. However, the sad outcome is the death of about 60,000 soldiers – husbands, fathers, sons or grandfathers. The battle is considered one of the bloodiest ones that ever took place in the Czech lands.
Commemoration of the Battle in 2021
This year, we commemorate 216th anniversary of the event. The main point of the programme will be a 90minute long re-enactment of the battle below the Santon hill
at the village of Tvarožná near Brno
. The re-enactment will start on 4 December at 2 p.m. with about one thousand soldiers in period uniforms, 60 horses and 20 cannons. A day later, there will be a ceremony at the Peace Cairn
on the site of the most difficult fights of the Battle of Three Emperors. The ceremony will start at noon. If you are interested in participating in the programme, you can start at 4 p.m. on 1 December at the commemorative event in Kučerov and then on 3 December, when the fallen soldiers will be commemorated with bonfires in Žuráň. The commemorative events do not celebrate Napoleon or his victory, or even the war. International political and military events that influenced Europe at their time in a fundamental way and divided Europe afterwards for a long time have gradually become the means for meeting many people from various countries. The aim of the event is to commemorate the fallen and to promote learning about our joint European history.
What to See in the Neighbourhood South Moravia
offers many interesting things for your stay. Even if you just come for the re-enactment of the battle, it would be a pity not to use the time to rest and recharge your physical or mental strength. You definitely should not miss Brno
, the capital of Moravia
, famous for its cafés. You will not get bored in the second largest city in the Czech Republic. And where to next? If you are interested in wine-related tourism
, you are in the right place. Wine and South Moravia are almost synonyms. You can choose from numerous top vineyards
that also export their products to the best Michelin restaurants in New York or Tokyo. And what about urban tourism
? Try Znojmo
. Those are gems among the historical towns in South Moravia. Or do you prefer water fun
? You can find that in South Moravia as well! Aqualand Moravia in Pasohlávky
offers adrenalin-based water attractions, pools with thermal water, as well as a perfectly equipped wellness centre. Just choose and relax.